OVERALL LEARNING OBJECTIVES OF THE PHYSIOLOGICAL CHAINS METHOD :

Understanding the proper functioning of the human body

Understanding compensations Learning how to examine the patient

Understanding the techniques for each chain

Assessment at the end of treatment

 

1. Understanding proper functioning of the human body

The body is a genetically programmed organisation. Its programme is based on anatomy and physiology.

• Physiological Chains are the anatomical circuits that govern static posture, dynamic posture and their compensations.
• The entire choreography of movements is generated by the functioning in chains.
• There are two types of chains: the dynamic muscular chains and the static conjunctive, visceral and neurovascular chains.
• There are two self-regulating systems: the proprioceptivity system for rebalancing and the autonomic nervous system for homeostasis.

The chains programme ensures proper functioning and good health.

The “container-content” relationship also conditions the functioning of the chains.

The musculoskeletal system is in very close connection with the content of the cavities: the visceral and behavioural content. In order to attain a balance in the functioning of the muscular chains, there must be no parasitic tension deriving from the visceral level.

2. Understanding compensations

All compensations must be analysed. A reason, a logic, a certain coherency will be found upstream.

• Static and dynamic study of patients
• Understanding a static assessment
• Understanding specific dynamic tests for each chain

The static state is the reflection of the functional balance of the chains. Any static modification is the result of a modification of tension at the level of the chains.

3. Learning how to examine the patient

• Establishing a case history according to the patient
• Static assessment
• Dynamic assessment of each chain
• Tests on each chain
• Report of results on the review of the file on chains
• Summary comprised of the reasons for consultations, case history and clinical assessment
• Highlighting of signs of exclusion requiring a medical diagnosis

The strategy and personalisation of the treatment derive from this summary and logic.

4. Learning techniques for each chain

The method uses manual relaxation techniques, not stretching.

This practice is applied to muscular chains as well as conjunctive, visceral and neurovascular chains.

This practice is applied with the same common denominator (relaxation postures) at the musculoskeletal, visceral or cranial levels.

This practice is applied to baby as well as to athletes or the elderly.

No stretching postures are used.

5. Treatment results

At both the first and last consultation, photos of the front, the back and of each profile are taken for providing an objective vision of the patient’s static developments, in particular with regard to general re-orientations.

Regardless of the reason for consultation, every time a function is improved, every time tensions are released, it must give rise to better static and dynamic states.

At the end of treatment, the improvements and the residual problems are evaluated.

A plan is drawn up with the patient on how to manage future developments :
• Continued treatment
• Personal work, monitoring of the patient
• Advice on activity, or
• Consultation with a specialist

Conclusion regarding learning goals

• Improve upon observation and examination of the patient.
• Improve analytical understanding in order to provide better treatment.
• Improve the manual practice of our colleagues with simple, precise and methodical techniques at the muscular, articular, visceral and cranial levels
• Improve the quality of the hand and palpation.
• Improve not only skills, but the awareness of the limits of our skills.
• Make our colleagues aware that the quality and the ingenuity of our work should confer to us a status of engineer in human biomechanics. We treat dysfunctions, we do not treat pathologies.

The Busquet Method consists of removing all areas of tensions that may be located in the different chains and rebalancing them with one another.

The Busquet Physiological Chains Method allows the body to rediscover its dynamic balance. It treats dysfunctions in order to bring the patient back to a functional balance necessary for recreating a dynamic health process. The body is a mobile with an anatomical organisation based on functioning in chains.